Neanderthal genome data and scenarios for the origins of modern humans

Two polarising models, Recent African Origin (RAO) and Multiregional Evolution (MRE), have dominated modern human origins debates since the 1980s. A recent paper by Holliday, Gautney and Friedl published in Current Anthropology explores how the successful sequencing of the Neanderthal genome, indicating gene flow between Neanderthals and Modern Humans, influences the feasibility of these two…